Botanically it is known as Cucurbita maxima. The quick-growing, small-fruited bush or non-trailing varieties of C. pepo are called squash in America, while the long-season, long-trailing, large-fruited varieties are called pumpkin in India or other tropical countries.
The fruits are large, generally 4 to 8 kg in weight; usually white, oblong, round or elongated in shape. The largest variety may weigh 30 kg or more. Pumpkins are commonly grown in North America, Great Britain, Europe and India, for human food and also for livestock feed. The rind is removed and the pulp is cooked. The seeds are small, white and flat and lie in rows within the fruit. The fruit and seeds are used for medicinal purposes. The fruit juice is often applied as beauty aid.
Pumpkins contain vitamins A, B, C and G and minerals. Pumpkin juice is very useful in cases of sunstroke, heat-stroke, acidity, and liver troubles. It keeps the body cool during hot summer months.
Benefit and uses of Pumpkin.
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