Family DoctorOnline DoctorFamily Doctor
DiseasesInjuriesMedical TestsDrugsFruitsHome RemediesHerbal MedicinesVegetablesFirst AidVitaminsHomeopathic Remedies
Teeth Care

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay
Cosmetic Dentistry
Dental Implants
Dental Plaque
Fluoride Use
New Diagnostic Aids
Oral Hygiene
Paediatric Dentistry
Preventing Infection in Dental Treatment


If plaque remains on the teeth it eventually forms tartar or calculus, which is an accumulation of mineral deposits and hardened plaque. As it forms, it creates a rough surface that presents the perfect surface for bacteria to grow. Once calculus is formed it can only be removed by cleaning.

This calculus can either be supragingival or subgingival.

Supragingival calculus It occurs above the gum line and is usually white or pale yellow in appearance. It occurs most frequently on the tongue side of the lower incisors and cheek side of the upper molars. It occurs at this location due to the presence of salivary ducts which secrete saliva rich in mineral necessary for its formation.

Subgingival calculus: It occurs below the gum line and is much darker in colour and more difficult to remove than supragingival calculus. It is distributed evenly in the mouth and is formed by gingival fluid secretion.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  1. Bleeding from gums when you brush or floss.
  2. Red, swollen or tender gums.
  3. Gums have pulled away from the teeth.
  4. Bad breath that does not go away.
  5. Pus between the teeth and gums.
  6. Drifting of teeth.

Controlling Gum Disease

Gum diseases can be prevented by brushing twice a day with a proper brush and the right brushing technique.

Go for professional cleaning every 6 months to prevent gum disease.

Online Doctor || Contact Us || Skin Disorders || Diabetes Care || Cellulite Guide || Chemotherapy || Acne Products ||

Bookmark and Share

(c) All rights reserved

Disclaimer: is an information and educational purposes web site only. It is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, or prevent any disease. Do not rely upon any of the information provided on this site for medical diagnosis or treatment. Please consult your primary health care provider about any personal health concerns. We will not be liable for any complications, or other medical accidents arising from the use of any information on this site.