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Leg Stress Fracture, Tibia
Liver Injury
Neck Dislocation
Neck Fracture
Neck Sprain
Neck Strain
Nose Injury
Pelvis Strain, Hip-Trunk
Pelvis Strain, Ischium
Perineum Contusion
Rib Dislocation
Rib Fracture
Rib Sprain
Rib Strain
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Bursitis
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Contusion
Shoulder-Blade Fracture, Acromion
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Fracture, Coracoid Process
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Fracture, Glenoid Fossa
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Fracture, Neck
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Strain
Shoulder Bursitis, Gleno-Humeral
Shoulder Bursitis, Subacromial
Shoulder Contusion
Shoulder Dislocation
Shoulder Sprain, Acromio-Clavicular
Shoulder Sprain, Gleno-Humeral
Shoulder Strain
Shoulder Tendinitis & Tenosynovitis
Skin Abrasion
Skin Laceration
Skin Puncture Wound
Spine Fracture, Lower Thoracic & Lumber Region
Spine Fracture, Sacrum
Spine Fracture, Tailbone
Spine Stress-Fracture, Neck or Back
Spleen Rupture
Thigh-Bone Fracture
Thigh Contusion
Thigh Hematoma
Thigh Injury, Hamstring
Thigh Strain, Quadriceps
Thigh Strain
Thumb Fracture
Thumb Sprain
Toe Dislocation
Toe Exostosis
Toe Fracture
Tooth Injury & loss
Wrist Contusion
Wrist Dislocation, Lunate
Wrist Dislocation, Radius or Ulna
Wrist Ganglion
Wrist Sprain
Wrist Strain
Wrist Tenosynovitis

Toe Exostosis

A painful condition of the tip of the toe (usually the first toe) caused by an exostosis (overgrowth of bone) building up under the nailbed. An exostosis occurs at the site of repeated injury, usually from direct blows. This benign overgrowth of bone can be mistaken for a bone tumor.

Body Parts Involved

  • Toe (usually the big toe).
  • Toenail.
  • Soft tissue surrounding the exostosis, including muscles, nerves, lymph vessels, blood vessels and periosteum (covering to bone).


  • Repeated injury to the toes.
  • Chronic irritation to an already damaged area.

Signs & Symptoms

  • No symptoms for mild cases.
  • Extreme pain at the tip of the toe and under the nail.
  • Tenderness over the toe.
  • Extreme sensitivity in the toe to pressure or minor injury.
  • Change in the contour of the bone, ranging from a slight lump to the appearance of a large calcified spur (1cm or more in length) in the toe.
    The toenail may appear distorted.


Note:- Follow your doctor's instructions. These instructions are supplemental.

First Aid

None. This condition develops gradually.

Continuing Care

  • Rest the injured area. Use splints or crutches if needed.
  • Apply heat frequently. Use heat lamps, hot soaks, hot showers, heating pads, or heat liniments and ointments.
  • Take whirlpool treatments, if available.
  • Use proper shoes and extra toe padding, if possible, during competition and workouts to avoid recurrence of the injury.


  • Medicine usually is not necessary for this disorder. For minor pain, you may use non-prescription drugs such as aspirin.
  • If surgery is necessary, your doctor may prescribe:

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to help control swelling.

Stronger pain relievers.

Antibiotics to fight infection.

Home Diet

During recovery, eat a well-balanced diet that includes extra protein, such as meat, fish, poultry, cheese, milk and eggs. Increase fiber and fluid intake to prevent constipation that may result from decreased activity. Your doctor may suggest vitamin and mineral supplements to promote healing.

Diagnostic Measures

  • Your own observation of signs and symptoms.
  • Medical history and physical exam by a doctor.
  • X-rays of the toes.
Prevention Tips
  • Allow adequate recovery time for a toe injury below resuming sports participation.
  • Wear adequate protective equipment, especially good shoes and toe padding if necessary, for participation in sports.
  • Learn proper moves and techniques for your sport to minimize the risk of injury.

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