Alcohol And Diabetes
Are You Losing Weight
Aspirin For Diabetics
HbA1c and Mean Blood Glucose
Dental Care in Diabetes
Diabetes and Depression
Diabetes and Eyes
Diabetes and Heart Problems
Diabetes and Kidney Problems
Diabetes and Pregnancy
Diabetes and Smoking
Diabetes Care During Other Infections
Diabetes in Children
Diabetes in Old Age
Diabetes Ketoacidosis in Children
Diabetes Prevention
Diabetic Coma
Diabetes Drug Treatment
Emergency in Diabetes
Diabetes and Exercise
Foot Care in Diabetes
Insulin Pumps
Monitoring of Diabetes
Nerve Involvement in Diabetes
Obesity or Over Weight
Role of Yoga in Diabetes
Skin and Sexual Problems in Diabetes
Spontaneous Hypoglycaemia
Stress and Diabetes
Symptoms of Diabetes
Testing of Sugar
Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Vacations, Travel and Diabetes

Monitoring of Diabetes

What is Meant by Good Control?

  1. Normal blood sugar levels 70 mg%-140mg%
    • Acceptable for diabetics 90mg%, 180mg%
    • Ideal 60-100mg% fasting, 140 mg% to 160mg% 2hrs after meals.
  2. Weight-as near to ideal as possible.
  3. Blood pressure normal.
  4. Blood fats (Cholesterol and triglycerides) normal.
  5. Glycosylated Haemoglobin levels normal.

How do you know you have good control?

Check regularly:

  1. Weight.
  2. Blood fats.
  3. Glycosylated Heamoglobin.
  4. Blood Pressure.

Why aim for good control?

  1. To avoid complications:
    • Short-term.
    • Long-term affecting.
  2. To lead as normal lifestyle as possible.
  3. For general good health and feeling well.

How do you achieve good control?

  1. Stick to your diet.
  2. Get plenty of exercise.
  3. Make sure your techniques are accurate.

Good control of Diabetes and preventing long-term complications:

  1. Diabetes may slowly damage some parts of your body.This damage can impair the quality and length of your life.
  2. Certain factors may lead to the development of these complications. These are called: Risk Factors.
  3. Nor everyone who has diabetes w'il1 develop complications.
  4. The presence of one or more of these risk factors may increase your chance of developing the complications that are associated with diabetes.

What are the Risk Factors?

  1. Poor control of Blood Sugar-over an extended period of time.
  2. Smoking-Can affect blood vessels.
  3. High Blood fat levels-Can lead to damage of blood vessels.
  4. High blood pressure-Can damage arteries and kidneys.

Lack of knowledge

Early warning signs may be missed. Education and early treatment my help to lesson damage.


You can decrease your risks by:

  • Maintaining good control of Blood Sugar level. - Maintaining ideal weight.
  • Participating in regular exercise.
  • Take medication as prescribed.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Participate in diabetes education programme.

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