Botanically it is known as Musa paradisiaca. It is a plant of the banana family (Musaceae) closely related to the common banana (Musa sapientum). The plant is 10 to 33 ft. high with large fleshy tree-like stems having bright green leaves. The fruit which is green is larger than banana. The edible fruit of the plant has more starch than the banana and is not eaten raw. It is usually cooked green either boiled or fried with coconut juice or sugar as a flavouring. It may also be dried for later use in cooking or ground for use as a meal. The meal can be further refined to flour. Plantain is now an export crop of India. In East Mrica, it is a staple food and beer-making crop, specially in Uganda and Tanzania.
This plant originated in India. Later it was introduced in other tropical regions like Africa, Egypt, America and Indonesia. There are two types of plantain, viz. the horn plantain and the French plantain.
For juice purposes plantain is not used. But plantain flower (mocha) juice is very useful in menorrhagia. Plantain is a rich source of vitamin A, B and O. It also contains other minerals.
Benefit and uses of Plantain.
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