Artichoke is a tall perennial plant widely cultivated in the mediterranean region and the Canary Islands. It is a coarse, stout, thistle-like herb, usually 3 to 5 ft tall. It has spiny-feathery leaves, the lower ones often 3 feet or more long. The flowers are usually blue or white.
Artichokes are extensively grown in southern Europe and the United States for their edible thickened scales and bottoms or hearts of the immature flowerheads. The common artichoke is sometimes called the Globe-artichoke or French artichoke. A perennial American sunflower is often called the Jerusalem artichoke, although it is not an artichoke. The tuber of this plant is used as a vegetable in America. Artichokes are rich in iron, iodine, potassium and vitamins A and C. For juice purposes, it is rarely used.
Benefit and uses of Artichoke.
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