Dysplastic Nevi - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Dysplastic nevus is an atypical mole whose appearance is different from that of common moles. These are generally larger than ordinary moles and have irregular and indistinct borders. These are acquired melanocytic lesions of the skin that’s clinical and histologic definitions are controversial and still evolving. Their color frequently is not uniform and ranges from pink to dark brown. These usually are flat, but parts may be raised above the skin surface. Dysplastic nevi are more likely than ordinary moles to develop into a type of skin cancer called melanoma. Because of this, moles should be checked regularly by a doctor or nurse specialist, especially if they look unusual, grow larger, or change in color.
- Heredity: The chances of getting a dysplastic nevi are more if any family member has already caused by this problem
- Exposing the skin to sunlight is thought to lead to the development of dysplastic nevi.
- Dysplastic nevi are acquired and typically appear during puberty.
- Dysplastic nevi are rare in black, Asian, or Middle Eastern populations.
- The moles in Dysplastic nevi are of different color like pink, tan, brown or skin color. Sometimes even more colors are also visible.
- Sometimes the moles may begin to bleed, crack or itch. This time the cure is necessary.
- Sometime you may feel the pain in the mole.
- The lesion appears and disappears in case of dysplastic nevi.
- The moles are larger than ordinary nevi, averaging about 1 centimeter in size.
- Development of irregular or notched borders.
- All patients diagnosed with 1 or more Dysplastic nevi should undergo a complete cutaneous examination.
- Patients should be taught self-examination to detect changes in existing moles and to recognize clinical features of melanomas.
- Radiation therapy: Rarely used to treat Dysplastic nevi, however, it is sometimes used as an adjunct to other forms of therapy.
- Several studies have shown that regular cutaneous examinations combined with baseline and serial color photographs of the patient's cutaneous surface ultimately decrease biopsies and lead to earlier diagnosis of melanoma.
- The dysplastic nevi can be treated by the procedure as - surrounding skin and irregular mole are cleaned and a small amount of lidocaine is injected shallowly into the skin. The mole is then gently cut out.
- To make the moles to remain in the same condition the lotions are available. So one should use them to reduce the risks.
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