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Bowen's Disease - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment to Get Rid of Bowen's Disease fast


Bowen’s disease is a pre-invasive form of squamous cell skin cancer. In medicine Bowen's disease (BD) is a sunlight-induced skin disease, considered either as an early stage or intraepidermal form of squamous cell carcinoma. It was named after Dr John T. Bowen, the doctor who first described it in 1912 almost 100 years ago.

A persistent progressive non-elevated red scaly or crusted plaque which is due to an intradermal carcinoma and is potentially malignant. Atypical squamous cells proliferate through the whole thickness of the epidermis. The lesions may occur anywhere on the skin surface or on mucosal surfaces. If left untreated, the Bowen's disease can develop into an invasive cancer and spread into the lymphatic system. It does take a long time for Bowen's disease to develop into an invasive cancer.  But the risk remains as long as the Bowen's has not been treated.

Bowen's Disease Causes

  1. The chronic ultraviolet adiations may be one cause of this disease. Sun-exposed distribution of Bowen disease, over one half of lesions occurs on the head, neck, and hands, implicates chronic sun damage as one factor in its formation.
  2. The other reason may be the arsenic exposure which consists of Fowler solution, a medicine used in treatment of psoriasis or Gay solution which was used to treat asthma or contaminated well water as well as some pesticides.
  3. Human papillomavirus 16 DNA is found repeatedly in Bowen's disease lesions, which suggests that this virus might be a cause.
  4. It is not infectious due to allergy. It does not spread by human to human contact.
  5. Women are more likely to be caused by this disease as compared to men. The rate of causes in women is much higher than in men.

Bowen's Disease Symptoms

  1. It may occur at any age but is most after the age of 30 and after age of 60 its chances are maximum.
  2. In this disease the dumps grows like wart that crusts and bleeds occasionally.
  3. In brown’s diseaesepersistent, scaly red patch with irregular borders that sometimes crusts or bleeds.
  4. Occasionally they can develop into a true skin cancer, which will require surgical removal usually, under a local anesthetic.
  5. Bowen's cells like to grow down hair pores. This tendency for "poral invasion" may give the extremely atypical/unusual cells of Bowen's access to the bloodstream, should they break through the basement membrane. The author believes that the possibility of invasion may be increased by time, trauma and previously failed treatments.

Bowen's Disease Treatment

  1. Bowen disease is usually treated by simple excision. This is not a complex situation. This is a simple treatment and doctor can do it simply.
  2. If the problem becomes complex. The bleeding or any other serious problem can be solved by Electrodesiccation and curettage or cryosurgery.
  3. Laser surgery or topical chemotherapy may be considered in special situations.
  4. The lesion is scraped off the skin. It is done by slightly burning the skin or just applying some electric current which is called cauterization. Recurrence is slightly more likely than with surgery.
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