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Injuries

Leg Stress Fracture, Tibia
Liver Injury
Neck Dislocation
Neck Fracture
Neck Sprain
Neck Strain
Nose Injury
Pelvis Strain, Hip-Trunk
Pelvis Strain, Ischium
Perineum Contusion
Rib Dislocation
Rib Fracture
Rib Sprain
Rib Strain
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Bursitis
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Contusion
Shoulder-Blade Fracture, Acromion
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Fracture, Coracoid Process
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Fracture, Glenoid Fossa
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Fracture, Neck
Shoulder-Blade (Scapula) Strain
Shoulder Bursitis, Gleno-Humeral
Shoulder Bursitis, Subacromial
Shoulder Contusion
Shoulder Dislocation
Shoulder Sprain, Acromio-Clavicular
Shoulder Sprain, Gleno-Humeral
Shoulder Strain
Shoulder Tendinitis & Tenosynovitis
Skin Abrasion
Skin Laceration
Skin Puncture Wound
Spine Fracture, Lower Thoracic & Lumber Region
Spine Fracture, Sacrum
Spine Fracture, Tailbone
Spine Stress-Fracture, Neck or Back
Spleen Rupture
Thigh-Bone Fracture
Thigh Contusion
Thigh Hematoma
Thigh Injury, Hamstring
Thigh Strain, Quadriceps
Thigh Strain
Thumb Fracture
Thumb Sprain
Toe Dislocation
Toe Exostosis
Toe Fracture
Tooth Injury & loss
Wrist Contusion
Wrist Dislocation, Lunate
Wrist Dislocation, Radius or Ulna
Wrist Ganglion
Wrist Sprain
Wrist Strain
Wrist Tenosynovitis


Tooth Injury & loss

Damage to a tooth severe enough to separate it completely from the gum and bone without fracture. Children whose front teeth have short, slender roots are most likely to lose teeth through injury.

Body Parts Involved

  • Teeth.
  • Bones that hold teeth.
  • Gums and soft tissue surrounding the tooth, including nerves, blood vessels and covering to bone (periosteum).

Causes

Direct blow to the tooth and gum.

Signs & Symptoms

  • Missing tooth.
  • Pain and bleeding from the tooth site.
  • Swelling of gums soon after injury.

Treatment

Note:- Follow your doctor's instructions. These instructions are supplemental.

First Aid

  • Find and wash the missing tooth or teeth.
  • Replace the tooth in Its socket as soon as possible.
  • If you cannot replace the tooth in its socket, wash it and keep it wet in a wet cloth until you reach a dentist or doctor. Put a moist cloth in the empty socket and have the patient bite on it.
  • Go to the dentist or emergency room immediately. Hurry! The longer the tooth stays out of the mouth, the less the chance of saving it.

Continuing Care

The dentist or oral surgeon will:

  • Cleanse the socket.
  • Remove the nerve from the tooth and fill the root canal with a plastic like material before the tooth is replaced.
  • Replace the tooth in its socket.
  • Anchor the tooth to neighboring teeth with wire or plastic. The tooth must be held in place for 6 to 8 weeks.

Home care after replantation:

  • Don't rinse your mouth, spit, smoke, or suck on straws for 24 hours after tooth replantation.
  • After 24 hours, brush your other teeth often with a soft toothbrush. A clean mouth heals faster. Don't brush the injured tooth until you have clearance from your dentist.
  • Beginning 24 hours after surgery, rinse your mouth every 1 or 2 hours with a solution of 1/2 teaspoon salt in 8 oz. of lukewarm water.
  • Don't bite down on the affected tooth until healing is complete.

Medication

  • You may use non-prescription drugs such as acetaminophen for minor pain.
  • Your doctor may prescribe: Pain relievers. Don't take prescription pain medication longer than 4 to 7 days. Use only as much as you need.
  • Antibiotics to fight infection.
  • Mouthwashes.

Home Diet

Adequate food and fluid intake following surgery will promote more rapid healing. If you can't avoid putting pressure on the tooth by eating your normal diet, follow a liquid high-protein diet for 2 or 3 days. Avoid all alcoholic beverages during healing.

Diagnostic Measures

  • Your own observation of symptoms and signs.
  • Medical history and physical exam by your dentist or oral surgeon.
  • X-rays of the mouth and jaw to detect additional injuries.
Prevention Tips

Wear a helmet, strong face guard and mouthpiece whenever possible during contact sports.


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