Diabetes

Alcohol And Diabetes
Are You Losing Weight
Aspirin For Diabetics
HbA1c and Mean Blood Glucose
Dental Care in Diabetes
Diabetes and Depression
Diabetes and Eyes
Diabetes and Heart Problems
Diabetes and Kidney Problems
Diabetes and Pregnancy
Diabetes and Smoking
Diabetes Care During Other Infections
Diabetes in Children
Diabetes in Old Age
Diabetes Ketoacidosis in Children
Diabetes Prevention
Diabetic Coma
Diabetes Drug Treatment
Emergency in Diabetes
Diabetes and Exercise
Foot Care in Diabetes
Insulin Pumps
Insulin
Monitoring of Diabetes
Nerve Involvement in Diabetes
Obesity or Over Weight
Role of Yoga in Diabetes
Skin and Sexual Problems in Diabetes
Spontaneous Hypoglycaemia
Stress and Diabetes
Symptoms of Diabetes
Testing of Sugar
Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Vacations, Travel and Diabetes

Diabetes and Eyes


One of the most important and sensitive organ of the body is Eyes. In diabetes eyes like any other organ of body are involved and can cause complete blindness.

Involvement of eyes depend upon the duration of diabetes. If diabetes is there for more than 15 years eyes are definitely involved.

Eyes are more involved in Type I diabetes than Type II diabetes. Other factor which is responsible for eye involvement is uncontrolled Blood Sugar. Prolonged period of uncontrolled diabetes causes more danger to eyes.

Symptoms are

  • Itching in eyes, irritation.
  • Watering, painful eye movements.
  • Headache, redness, diminished vision.
  • Double vision, black spots in front of eyes.
  • Frequent change in power of glasses.
  • Paralysis of eye muscles leading to double vision or squint. - Cataract, and sudden loss of vision-due to bleeding in eye or retinal detachment.

How to Manage

Best and simple way to keep the diabetes under control is by strict diet control and regular use of anti-diabetic medicines.

  • All diabetic patients should have regular complete eye check up at least once in a year.
  • Diabetics who smoke are at a higher risk for loss of eye sight.
  • Blood pressure should be kept under control.
  • Retinal detachment and retinopathy can be kept under control by photo coagulation and laser therapy which is very effective. This type of treatment is available at all big centres. It is prophylactic therapy and can prevent blindness in Diabetic patients.

Eye Care in Diabetes

When you have diabetes, you have a high risk of eye problems that can lead to severe damage or blindness. This risk becomes even higher if you are between 40 to 60 years old age if you have had diabetes for a number of years.

What is especially bad is that many times the eyes are damaged before any symptoms are felt. So it is very important to visit your eye doctor regularly (at least once a year)-and immediately if you notice anything wrong with your eyes.

Common Diabetics Eye Problems

  1. Cataracts-Clouding of the normally clear lens in the eye.
  2. Glaucoma-An increase in pressure within the eye.
  3. Diabetic retinopathy-Weakening and breaking down of the small blood vessels in the retain.
Eye Care Do's Eye Care Don'ts
Wear goggles or safety glasses if eyes are at risk. Don't touch eyes with dirty fingers.
Direct all spray nozzles away from eyes. Don't rub or overuse eyes.
Read instructions on liquids or Powders. Don't wear dirty contact lenses.
Wear sun glasses on bright days (especially on sand, or snow). Don't try to remove particles from eyes; see a physician.
Get immediate treatment for red/painful eyes. Don't sit under sun-lamp without goggles.
Tell eye specialists you have diabetes. Don't use saliva to wet makeup or contact lenses.

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