It is a fruit of Persea americana of the family Lauraceae usually grown in the Western Hemisphere from Mexico south to the Andean regions. The tree, tall and spreading, has leaves elliptic to egg-shaped in form and 4 to 12 inches in length. The small greenish flowers born in dense racemes are devoid of petals and have six perianth lobes, nine stamens arranged on three series, a one-celled ovary. The fruit is exceedingly variable in shape, size and colour. It looks like hen's egg and it varies from round to pear shaped with a long slender neck. The colour ranges from green to dark purple. The single large seed with two cotyledons is round to conical.
Horticulturally, avocados are divided into Mexican, West Indian and Guatemala races. The Mexican variety is characterised by the anise-like odour of the leaves and thin skinned fruits of rich flavour and excellent quality. The Guatemalan type is slightly less frost resistant than the Mexican and produces fruit of medium to large size. West Indian type is grown in southern Florida.
Benefit and uses of Avocado.
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