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First Aid

Absorbed Poisons
Anaphylaxis
Asthma Attack
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Bites and Stings
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Bruises
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Concussion
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Eye Injuries
Fainting
Fish Hook Injury
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Fractures
Frostbite
Head and Facial Injuries
Heart Attack
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Heat Exhaustion
Heatstroke
Inhaled Poisons
Insect Bites And Stings
Medicinal or General Substances
Nosebleed
Open (Sucking) Chest Wounds
Overexposure to Cold
Poisoning
Road Accidents
Sea Snakes
Shock
Slings
Spider Bites
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Sunburn
Swallowed Objects
Tick Paralysis
Tooth Injuries


Frostbite

Frostbite may result when some body parts (particularly ears, nose, toes and fingers) are exposed to extreme cold for a prolonged period.

Symptoms and signs

  • affected part cold, white, hard and numb
  • skin of part waxy and possibly blistered
Warning
  • Do not rub or massage the affected part.
  • Do not apply direct heat, cold water or snow.
  • Do not give alcohol.

First aid treatment

  1. Move the casualty to a warm, dry shelter, if possible.
  2. Cover any blisters with dry, sterile dressings.
  3. Warm the affected part slowly, using body heat. For example, cup your hands around the affected part and surround with blankets or clothing, or have the casualty put the p inside clothing or under the armpit.
  4. Seek medical aid urgently.

 

 

 

 


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