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First Aid

Absorbed Poisons
Anaphylaxis
Asthma Attack
Bites And Stings From Marine Creatures
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Bruises
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Drug Overdose
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Electric Shock
Extreme Overexposure
Eye Injuries
Fainting
Fish Hook Injury
Fractured Ribs
Fractures
Frostbite
Head and Facial Injuries
Heart Attack
Heart Failure
Heat Exhaustion
Heatstroke
Inhaled Poisons
Insect Bites And Stings
Medicinal or General Substances
Nosebleed
Open (Sucking) Chest Wounds
Overexposure to Cold
Poisoning
Road Accidents
Sea Snakes
Shock
Slings
Spider Bites
Spinal Injuries
Splinters
Splints
Sprains and Dislocations
Strains
Strokes
Suffocation
Sunburn
Swallowed Objects
Tick Paralysis
Tooth Injuries


Drowning

Drowning is a form of suffocation. As a person struggles to stay afloat, water can enter the airway and block the entry of air. If breathing stops and the oxygen supply to the brain is cut off, permanent brain damage or death can result. Thus it is vital to start expired air resuscitation (EAR) as quickly as possible - preferably as the person is being taken from the water.

Prevent drowning by

  • learning to swim
  • teaching your children how to swim
  • not leaving children alone near water
  • learning basic rescue and resuscitation procedures.

Warning

Do not attempt to rescue anyone in deep water if you are an inexperienced swimmer. Instead call for help immediately.

First aid treatment

  1. Check the airway, clearing it of vomit or any other obstruction and begin mouth-to-nose expired air resuscitation while coming ashore in shallow water if it is safe to do so. Do not attempt resuscitation in deep " water unless you have been trained in the' technique and have a flotation device.
  2. When the person is out of the water, place in the lateral position and check the airway again.
  3. If the casualty is not breathing. resume mouth­to-nose EAR or start mouth-to-mouth EAR.
  4. When the casualty starts breathing again, keep in the lateral position, covered with a towel or blanket to save heat loss.
  5. Seek medical aid immediately. Anyone who has lost consciousness or needed resuscitation must go to hospital.
  6. Monitor breathing and pulse until medical help arrives, because the casualty's condition can deteriorate.

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